Some risk factors in AMD are not under anyone’s control:
- Age – the older a person is, the more likely he or she is to have Age-related Macular Degeneration.
- Genetics – a family history of macular degeneration is universally believed to be a factor.
- Light-colored irises (irides)
- High levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) – a marker of inflammation in the body.
- Being female – Females are more susceptible to AMD than males are, not because they are more genetically prone to develop AMD, but because they live longer.
While the causes of age-related macular degeneration are complex, several of the risk factors are controllable:
- Ultra-violet and blue light aggravate macular degeneration
- Medication cautions in macular degeneration
- Junk food may be bad for your eyesight
- Don’t smoke – it exacerbates eye disease
- Being overweight
- Having unchecked cardiovascular disease
- High blood pressure
- Long-term exposure to the sun without eye protection
How to reduce your risk of Macular Degeneration
Recommended Supplements for Age-related Macular Degeneration – The current recommended supplements for Age-related Macular Degeneration include a combination of antioxidants, carotenoids, and omega-3 fatty acids.
Ten Habits for Eye Health and AMD Treatment – The New England Eye Center at Tufts Medical Center recommends these healthy habits, and your health care provider may give similar recommendations.